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Ruling Elders and Deacons

James Guthrie

Published by Reformation Press

In his introduction, David Campbell notes that some of the references in this booklet (sermon) are directly linked to this historical context. Rothes is identified as Haman and the Judas references probably applying to Archibishop James Sharp. Following the sermon, MacKail wisely fled to the safety of Holland, but would return to his native shores in 1665. He would be involved in the Pentland Rising, where a large number of Covenanters marched to Edinburgh to petition the government. The 900 covenanters were tracked and then attacked by 3000 troops led by General Dalziel. MacKail was captured and tortured, and despite the King ordering no more executions, he was hung at the Mercat Cross, Edinburgh on 22nd December 1666.

The Sermon that forms the remainder of this

booklet is from the Song of Solomon 1 v 7. The sermon begins with a set of assertions, that there are those who in the face of trial turn aside, that those turning aside may have many followers, that there may be strong temptations in us to turn aside yet, we must not turn for the Lord Jesus who loves us and from his sheep.

The sermon then draws out the unreasonableness of turning aside in the face of trial. It guides us to see that we should take our doubts and fears to Christ, it prompts us that our afflictions are within his providential care, it reminds us that all trials will end and that we can look forward to a rest from sin, peace with God, peace of conscience and ultimately the hope of eternal rest.

This type of sermon was clearly written for a very different historical context to our own, but there are many parallels for those who may be in fear of losing their employments or concerned about the danger to their lives. ‘The conclusion of a believing soul under affliction is: if God punishes me so sharply for those sins that I have already committed against him, shall I not be stricken much more if I revolt any more?’. Should not this guidance by echoing in our prayers for national repentance in the face of national sins and judgements.

‘The liberty you see reserved to the Church. Even at a noontide of tribulation, she may say, ‘Tell me’. Enemies cannot obstruct these lines of communication that are between God and his people. Yea, I may say, there is one more fold of the door [leaf of the door] opened in a time of adversity than in a time of prosperity. There is a particular charge [command] to approach him at such a time, and a particular promise annexed to obedience: “Call upon me in the day of trouble: I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me.” (Psalm 50:15)’ This book is a helpful read in these current times.

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